There is little doubt that vocabulary is one of the most indispensable components of any language. Previous research also suggests that various teaching techniques contribute differentially to L2 vocabulary development. This book is an attempt to shed further light on this issue by investigating the effects of selected presentation techniques including the keyword method, the peg word method, the loci method, argument mapping, concept mapping and mind mapping on L2 vocabulary comprehension and production. After a comprehensive review of the related literature, a detailed empirical analysis has been presented along with the tabular and graphical presentation of the findings, followed by a discussion of the results and the implications of the study. This book may prove very useful for practicing and prospective language teachers and all sorts of language learners.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS), also cited simply as Sloane's, is a freely-available online database of integer sequences, created and maintained by N. J. A. Sloane, a researcher at AT&T Labs, and hosted on his website. OEIS records information on integer sequences of interest to both professional mathematicians and amateurs, and is widely cited. As of 14 June 2009 (2009 -06-14)[update] it contains over 159,758 sequences, making it the largest database of its kind. Each entry contains the leading terms of the sequence, keywords, mathematical motivations, literature links, and more, including the option to generate a graph or play a musical representation of the sequence. The database is searchable by keyword and by subsequence.
Productivity growth is a keyword for sustainable economic growth in a knowledge-based society. There has been significant methodological development in the literature on productivity and efficiency analysis, e.g. SFA (Stochastic Frontier Analysis) and DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). All these methodological developments should be matched with applications in order to provide practical implications for private and public decision-makers. This volume provides a collection of up-to-date and new applications of productivity and efficiency analysis. In particular, the case studies cover various economic issues in the Asia-Pacific region. The authors analyze the performance of manufacturing firms, banks, venture capital, broadcasting firms, as well as the issues of efficiency in the education sector, regional development, and defense industry. These case studies will shed light on the potential contribution of productivity and efficiency analysis to the enhancement of economic performance.
Dermatology terminology is an attempt to describe dermatological diseases with the verbiage dermatologists actually use in speaking to each other. With many disorders, the description can be reduced to a word, or a phrase, or an acronym. This is termed the "keyword" phenomenon, where such a keyword substitutes for a much fuller and much lengthier formal presentation.The keyword, together with a photo of the disease it represents, will be coupled with a short description and a literature reference for that disease. The photos will be from Dr Allens own collection or the collection at Drexel Dermatology.
This book explores environmental issues in Canada employing an interdisciplinary approach. It adopts several reading frameworks, encompassing the fields of literature, ecocriticism, linguistics, tourism, social sciences, architecture and geography. It investigates the keyword 'green' from a multiplicity of perspectives, including the voice of Cree writer Louise B. Halfe/Sky Dancer. Thus, green should be seen as one of the main symbolic colours which define contemporary Canadian identity.Its six sections address intertwined issues such as the preservation and annihilation of the green landscape, the re-rooting of indigenous worldviews, the impact of Italian rural traditions in urban Canada, the influence of contemporary literary landscapes, the language of green in tourism and linguistics. At the end of the volume, Margaret Atwood's recent writings are considered as playing a crucial role in the new consciousness of green Canada.
The Wisdom of Solomon 10 is a unique passage among Jewish sapiential texts since it both presents Lady Wisdom as God's acting agent in early Israelite history and explicitly categorizes key biblical figures as either righteous or unrighteous. Structurally, Wisdom 10 is a pivotal text that binds the two halves of the book together through its vocabulary and themes. Although chapter 10 is such a unique passage that is central to the work, no full-scale study of this chapter has been attempted. Recent scholarship on the Wisdom of Solomon has focused on the identification of genres in the book's subsections and the author's reinterpretation of Scripture.Through the use of historical and literary criticism, this study especially focuses on the genre and hermeneutical method of Wisdom 10 in comparison to other passages in the book and similar types of literature inside and outside the Bible. Chapter One establishes the purpose and methodology of the study, Chapter Two sets the literary and historical contexts for the Wisdom of Solomon, and Chapters Three to Six analyze the text poetically, form-critically, exegetically, and hermeneutically.This study concludes that Pseudo-Solomon, the book's author, composed and used Wisdom 10 in order to bind the two halves of the book together. Its genre is that of a Beispielreihe , or example list, and its form is an alternation of positive and negative examples that are linked by the repetition of a keyword. The passage also reflects elements of aretalogy, synkrisis , and midrash. Because of the first two of these elements, chapter 10 may be seen as supplementing the encomiastic genre in chapters 6-9. Furthermore, the aretalogical flavor of the text depicts Lady Wisdom in ways similar to the popular Hellenistic Egyptian goddess Isis in order to show Wisdom's superiority to the pagan deity. Lastly, chapter 10 exhibits six primary hermeneutical principles used by the author throughout the book, albeit with differing degrees of focus.Since the Wisdom of Solomon is a late composition, this study illuminates one facet of the Jewish Hellenistic reinterpretation of Scripture and will elucidate similar modes of exegesis in the early rabbinical and early Christian eras.
Classical Methods of Statistics is a blend of theory and practical statistical methods written for graduate students and researchers interested in applications to plasma physics and its experimental aspects. It can also fruitfully be used by students majoring in probability theory and statistics. In the first part, the mathematical framework and some of the history of the subject are described. Many exercises help readers to understand the underlying concepts. In the second part, two case studies are presented exemplifying discriminant analysis and multivariate profile analysis. The introductions of these case studies outline contextual magnetic plasma fusion research. In the third part, an overview of statistical software is given and, in particular, SAS and S-PLUS are discussed. In the last chapter, several datasets with guided exercises, predominantly from the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak, are included and their physical background is concisely described. The book concludes with a list of essential keyword translations. TOC:Elements of Probability Theory.- Elements of Statistical Theory.- Applied Linear Regression.- Profile Analysis.- Discriminant Analysis.- Statistical Software.- Annotated Exercise Datasets.- Some Annotated Statistical Literature.- Keywords.- References.- Index.
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, printed single-sided, grade: 1, University of Vienna, language: English, abstract: The following paper provides a brief insight into the topíc of 'vocabulary learning strategies', and will present selected aspects of this extensive and complex field of language study. After briefly dealing with the question of 'defining' learning strategies, an overview concerning research into the field will be presented, andsome general conlusions which can be drawn about vocabulary learning strategies will be portrayed. Subsequently, three classification systems of vocabulary learning strategies will be delineated, whereas thereafter the paper will elaborate on two selected areas of vocabulary learning strategies, namely 'guessing and inferringmeaning' and 'mnemonic devices with special regards to the keyword technique'.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1.0, University of Mannheim, language: English, abstract: (...) Due to the importance of Search Engine Marketing, the following research paper is concerned with online advertising on search sites. Advertisements displayed on search engine websites consist of text only and are triggered via keywords. This means that online advertisers choose keywords which determine when to show their advertisement. Of course, it is not solely the selected keywords which determine if the ad is displayed or not. There are other important factors, such as the quality of the website and the budget the advertiser is willing to spend. However, on the whole, the keywords and the ad text are highly important in keyword-based Online Advertising. This points to the fact that the success of an online advertisement is mainly determined by language and the Internet user's interaction with language. If there are words which are more likely to be used as search terms by Internet users, then online advertisers should include these words in their ad text and their keyword list rather than other words. The better the keywords and ad text match the user's search term, the higher the probability that the ad will be displayed and the better the ad performance. This paper aims to give an answer to the question of which words are preferably used by Internet users when they place a search query. Concluding from this, the thesis intends to provide advertisers with recommendations for keywords that ensure a successful ad performance. In order to deal with this issue, the linguistic theory of the basic level concept will be applied to keyword- based Online Advertising. According to the basic level advantage, basic level words carry the most information, are most distinctive and are preferably used in speaking (cf. Rosch et al. 1976).